Diabetes Mellitus, a syndrome of disordered metabolism, characterised by abnormal elevation in blood glucose level, has become a life-threatening condition for many people. Current means of therapy for Diabetes Mellitus do not mimic the normal physiological pattern of insulin release. Oral delivery is the preferred route of administration due to its non-invasive nature. Oral delivery of insulin presents an overview of Diabetes Mellitus, and discusses the strategies and techniques adopted for oral delivery of insulin. This title begins with an introductory chapter on symptoms, complications and therapy for Diabetes Mellitus. Subsequent chapters cover the various routes for administering insulin, the challenges and strategies of oral delivery, experimental techniques in the development of an oral insulin carrier, lipids, inorganic nanoparticles and polymers in oral insulin delivery, and a summary and presentation of future perspectives on oral delivery of insulin.Presents an overview of Diabetes MellitusIncludes a discussion of various strategies and techniques adopted for oral delivery of insulinPresents an update of research in the field
Intelligent decision support System in diabetes eHealth care in order to improve the quality of life of Diabetes patients. This system will provide a 24-hour medical facilitates to patient and care providers at anytime and anywhere. Patient would be able to update his/her health status and can get basic instructions (diet, exercise) and prescriptions while staying at home. In the case of emergency, auto message will be sent to care provider e.g. doctors, relatives of patents and ambulance services. Due to this system patent can keep in touch with care providers and get the basic instructions regarding his/her health at home.
Aside from the bacteria that cause gum disease, there are other considerations which can modify the course or aggressiveness of the disease. These are called "risk factors" and are Smoking, Diabetes, Genetically induced gum disease. In periodontal diseases, bacteria trigger inflammatory host responses which, along with the direct destructive effects of the bacteria, cause most of the tissue destruction. This book describes about the knowledge regarding the etiology and pathogenesis of various diseases and a quick review for undergraduate,post graduate&clinicians who can update their knowledge
This book provides a timely overview of important issues related to concurrent consumption of prescription drugs and botanicals especially during the treatment of chronic conditions such as diabetes, cancer and arthritis. Few studies have reported increased incidence of botanical-drug interactions (BDIs), which can be beneficial or harmful. This book provides an update of potential BDIs and their consequences during treatments with traditional Chinese medicines, Ayurveda, Japanese, Korean and Western herbal medicines. Recent research account on pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies is also provided. This book provides illustrative case studies and interesting results of research on BDIs between Ayurveda based botanical Tinospora cordifolia and prescription drugs like metformin, cyclophosphamide and methotrexate. This book advocates need for evidence based research on BDIs and highlights major challenges including regulatory perspectives. Biomedical researchers working in the field of pharmaceutical medicine, clinical research, ethnopharmacology, nutraceuticals and therapeutic drug monitoring will find this book very useful.
A dramatic and worldwide increase is occurring in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in women of childbearing age. Obese women carry a significant excess risk of complications during pregnancy, including infertility, spontaneous abortion, congenital malformations, gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, fetal macrosomia, and cesarean delivery. Furthermore, maternal obesity predisposes to obesity in the offspring, indicating that the prevention of childhood obesity should already start during pregnancy. This book provides a timely update on the latest knowledge on maternal obesity and pregnancy. A very wide range of issues are covered, including macrosomia and associated shoulder dystocia, the risk of miscarriage, malformations, and complications of pregnancy, the impact of hyperglycemia, clinical management, consequences for anesthesia and ultrasound, impacts on breastfeeding, fertility, and childhood obesity, and pregnancy following gastric surgery. All of the authors are recognized experts in their fields, and the book has been designed to meet the practical needs of obstetricians, gynecologists, internists, and general practitioners.
Over the past several years there has been increasing information in the medical literature regarding the health benefits of a Mediterranean diet. Clinicians may not be informed on advances in nutrition, and studies have demonstrated that they do not spend much time discussing food as a means for promoting health with patients. The Mediterranean Diet: A Clinician's Guide for Patient Care is an essential new volume that serves as an update and a reference for clinicians on the Mediterranean diet. Specific diseases and the effects the Mediterranean diet have on them are outlined. Diseases and conditions that are outlined include heart disease, stroke, Alzheimer's, depression, cancer, allergies, asthma, arthritis and diabetes. A detailed analysis of the specific nutrients in a Mediterranean diet and the food groups containing them is also included. A useful guide containing daily meal plans and and an extensive recipe section prepared by a team of dieticians can be found in the patient resources section. The Mediterranean Diet: A Clinician's Guide for Patient Care provides a useful summary of the constituent components and health benefits of a Mediterranean diet to health professionals.
Oxidative stress and inflammation underpin most diseases, their mechanisms are inextricably linked. For example, chronic inflammation is associated with oxidation, anti-inflammatory cascades are linked to decreased oxidation, increased oxidative stress triggers inflammation and redox balance inhibits the inflammatory cellular response. Whether or not oxidative stress and inflammation represent the causes or the consequences of cellular pathology, they contribute significantly to the pathogenesis of non-communicable diseases. The incidence of obesity and other related metabolic disturbances are rising, as are age-related diseases due to progressively aging populations. Interrelations between the mechanisms of oxidative stress and of inflammatory signaling and metabolism are, in the broad sense of energy transformation, being increasingly recognized as part of the problem in non-communicable diseases.The book Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Non-communicable Diseases: Molecular Mechanisms and Perspectives in Therapeutics is an update on the latest research on the molecular basis of non-communicable diseases and the search for possible therapeutic alternatives. The authors of this monograph are experts in their field and the book as a whole, provides an overview of the biochemical alterations underlying diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, obesity, renal disease, neurological diseases and diabetes, emphasizing those aspects that they share in common. We hope that this book will be useful for researchers in biomedicine and also for physicians interested in finding the root causes of the disease, as well as for post-graduate students in biochemistry, molecular biology, nutrition or medicine.
Gender differences impact the pathophysiology and clinical burden of diabetes in women. Exploring the complex interplay between gender and diabetes, Diabetes in Women provides a state-of-the-art update from conception to menopause and beyond. Written by experts in the field, Diabetes in Women covers sex differences in cardiometabolic risk, the impact of diabetes on women's health, diabetes and pregnancy, offspring of the diabetic mother and the disease management of women with diabetes. Chapters include up to date information on cardiometabolic risk in women throughout the lifecycle and the differences between sexes in energy balance and body composition. Prominent authors also explore the impact of poverty and globalization on the emerging epidemic of obesity in developing countries. Designed for primary care and internal medicine physicians, endocrinologists, obstetricians and gynecologists, and trainees and basic scientists in these areas, Diabetes in Women is an invaluable resource and important contribution to the field.